The number of Irish men whose primary job is to look after the home and family has more than doubled in ten years according to a new report published by the Central Statistics Office today.
Although women represent 98% of Ireland’s home-makers, the number of men staying at home in 2013 has risen to 8,700 from 4,200 in 2003, according to Men and Women in Ireland 2013.
The number of women at home dropped from over half a million; 555,000 in 2003 to 478,000 in 2013, although it still means that 98.2 per cent of those looking after the home were female.
The slight shift in gender dynamics in home-making roles seems skewed by the latest numbers relating to the gender gap in income, which suggest that females are not swapping with their partners to go back to work due to higher salaries.
The difference between average male and female gross hourly earnings as a percentage of the male wage shot up to 14.4 per cent in 2012 from 11.7 per cent in 2011.
Other interesting finds on the people of Ireland, is that 86.7 per cent of murder victims in 2009 were male compared to 12.3 per cent of homicides on females.
It makes Ireland the safest EU destination for female avoidance of murder by quite some margin, Turkey has the next fewest percentage of female homicide victims with 22.3 per cent, whereas most countries range in the 30s, with Croatia’s percentage of female murder victims at 51.5 per cent.
Just over 80 per cent of the Irish prison population is male, with only one women starting a sentence for murder in 2012.
Education and employment
Women are generally more educated than men, with males more likely to leave school early.
The employment sectors that fare more popular with males are construction, agriculture, and transport, while more women opt to work within health and education.
Although 85 per cent of primary-level teachers are female and 68 per cent at second-level, men are still more likely to hold senior positions.
Both genders experienced a dramatic fall in employment rates in 2009. For men, there has been a slight improvement with rates increasing 3.3 per cent from 2012’s low of 62.4 per cent. However, the rate for women has increased just 0.7% in the same time.
And once they are in employment, women are likely to receive about a quarter less pay, while men are likely to both work and earn more.
There is little difference between the genders in terms of emigration numbers. Emigration rose steeply between 2004 and 2013, to 44,900 males and 44,000 females. Net migration, the number of people arriving in Ireland less the number leaving, was positive up to 2009 but since 2010 it has turned negative, resulting in a net outflow leaving Ireland of 16,700 males and 16,300 females in 2013.
Health and society
Ireland falls below the EU average in terms of women holding positions of power. Ireland is more than 10% below the EU average for female representation in national parliament, as less than 16% of TDs are female.
Interestingly, Irish women are among the most fertile in Europe, coming joint top of the list with France with 2.01, well above the EU average of 1.58.
The average age of a first-time Irish mother has also increased by almost five years in Ireland, from 24.9 years of age in 1980 to 29.8 years in 2011.
The entire report can be viewed here.